The application of telecommunication equipment and computers to store, transmit, manipulate data and retrieve for a business or an enterprise. The term information technology means that it is used to distribute information with the help of technologies like television and telephones but it is commonly used to indicate computers and computer networks. A huge number of companies are identified with information technology including computer software, computer hardware, telecom equipment, internet, semiconductors, e-commerce, computer services, engineering and health care.
The meaning of information technology gas three categories: mathematical and statistical methods for decision making, techniques for processing and simulation of higher order thinking with the help of computer programs. Humans are gathering information, by retrieving, manipulating, storing and communicating since the old ages when the Mesopotamia developed the art of writing. There are four distinct phases in Information Technology development based on the storage and processing technologies. They are pre-mechanical, mechanical, electromechanical, and electronic.
There are various devices that are been used to help computation for a long period of time. As time passed these devices became more and more sophisticated and during 1940s the electronic computers came into the scenario. With development of technology with all the positive developments many negative developments have also emerged gradually. Some of the negative points are like downloading files without the permission from the copyright holders, nowadays the employers check the employee’s internet usage and emails, hackers hacking into important databases, unsolicited emails and various web sites installs cookies on its own to monitor a user’s personal activities online.
Information management is another important topic. It deals with acquiring and claiming ownership of the data, distribute the date who has a need for it and then archiving or deleting the data. Information management has all the universal concepts of management which includes: planning the idea, organizing it, structuring, processing the data, controlling the data, evaluating it and reporting of the information activities.
Information Technology has various layers of physical equipment, operating tools, virtualization and management tools and applications used to do necessary functions. The various user devices like laptops, smartphones and recording tools can be included in the domain if Information Technology. Applications of business includes databases like SQL servers, email servers as Exchange, Web servers as Apache and enterprise resource planning systems. These are used to execute programmable instructions to disperse, manipulate, consolidate and affect data. A team of technical staffs and administrators manages the huge infrastructure of the IT company and assets. Information technology teams depend on a number of technology skills, specialized information, and knowledge to support application, activities and equipment. There are various IT careers. Some are Chief Information Officer who is responsible for computer systems that virginia network support the company goals., Chief Technology Officers who sets the goals and policies for a company, IT Director who is responsible for the function of various tools and processes of business, Systems Administrator who is the person who configures, supports and manages a multi user computing environment.